Monthly Archives: November 2013

Memory and Dictatorship

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, there are ten definitions of the term memory. These definitions span from the act of remembering, to the capacity for retaining, to a physical memorial or shrine (Oxford English Dictionary, 2009). This article will … Continue reading

Posted in Antonio Berni, Argentina, Argentine, Buenos Aires, Juan Perón, Raquel Forner, United States, World War II | Leave a comment

Representing Originary Identities

The objective of this glossary term is to explore the theme of representing originary identities in Latin American art and politics. This writing looks specifically at the role played by Mexican muralists, art critic Marta Traba and painters, Oswaldo Guayasamin, … Continue reading

Posted in Alejandro Obregon, colonialism, Fernando de Szyslo, identity, indigenous, Marta Traba, Mexico, murals, Originary, Oswaldo Guatasamin, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Marginality and the Repressed

The Oxford English Dictionary defines the term “marginality” as the “quality or state of being of an individual or social group isolated from or not conforming to the dominant society or culture” and repressed as “restrained, checked, suppressed.”  These two … Continue reading

Posted in Cartographies, homophobia, Juan Davila, Julio Galan, machismo, Nahum B. Zenil, Pinochet, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Border/ La frontera

Border (in Spanish, la frontera) is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as “a side, edge, brink, or margin; a limit, or boundary; the part of anything lying along its boundary or outline,” and “the boundary line which separates one … Continue reading

Posted in border, Gadsden Purchase, hegemony, hybrid, NAFTA, Operation Gatekeeper, Rules of the Game, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Spectatorship

The Oxford English Dictionary defines spectatorship as “The state of being a spectator or beholder; the fact of (merely) looking on.”[1] Thus the word ‘spectatorship’ can be linked to the idea of the gaze, visual culture, spectacle, and the observer.  … Continue reading

Posted in colonization, ethnographic gaze, spectator-subject relationship, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Latin American Social Movements

Social movements include forms of social protest and political engagement and, in Latin America, they develop after the end of Spanish or Portuguese colonial rule, when Latin American countries gained their independence and became self-governing.  Some countries gained independence in the … Continue reading

Posted in Movement for the Liberation of Chilean Women (MEMCH), Peru, popular protest, rondas campesinas, Sendero Luminoso, social activism, Social movements, Uncategorized, Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) | Leave a comment

Africa’s Legacy in Latin America

The term legacy can be defined in various ways according to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). The definition that will allow a better understanding of the topic of this paper, defines legacy as anything that is handed down by an … Continue reading

Posted in Africa, Afro-Latin American culture, culture, history, identity, politics, slavery, Uncategorized, Wifredo Lam | Leave a comment

The Political Dimension of Visual Culture in Latin America

Visual culture in Latin America, like visual culture everywhere, is shaped and influenced by the social and political histories that define the realities of the place. The interaction of local traditions with outside cultural influences is instrumental in the formation … Continue reading

Posted in Body-relational art, Brazil, cannibalism, Conceptual art, hybridity, Neolocal, Performance art, Pinochet, Retardierung, Tucuman Arde, Uncategorized, Videla, visual culture | Leave a comment

Latin American Graffiti

Graffiti is a term that comes from the Greek word graphein, to write, and the Italian word graffito, meaning to draw or scribble on a flat surface. Graffiti is done everywhere in Latin America (LA), because any defacement of private … Continue reading

Posted in 1990s, Alex Vallauri, Altamira, Argentina, Brazil, Buenos Aires, graffiti, Latin America, London, New York, New York City, Pompeii, Uncategorized, vandalism | Leave a comment

Peruvian Civil War (1980-2000)

The nation of Peru has had a long succession of authoritarian and democratic governments despite its historical stability. An estimated 70,000 Peruvians have died in the relatively recent Civil War of 1980-2000, outnumbering the casualties of any other war in … Continue reading

Posted in Alberto Fujimori, civil war, democracy, disappeared, Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA), indigenismo, Peru, Shining Path, Uncategorized | Leave a comment